Wolchulsan became Korea’s 20th national park in 1988. The current Wolchulsan was created by the long years of Namhae(South sea) crashing into the great undercurrent of the Honam varix, which gave rise to granite stones.
Wolchulsan’s area is rather small at 56.1㎢, but a variety of animals and plants can be found within the area, and Wolchulsan National Park holds the third most numerous cultural assets among Korea’s 20 national parks. Wolchulsan’s highest peak is Cheonhwangbong, which sits 809m above sea level, and has been known as a place of ceremonies to the heavens ever since the days of the Silla dynasty.
Wolchulsan’s scenery forms a great contrast. The view to the north and the east is a grand one, with huge rocks sitting on deep ridges,. The view to the south and the west is one of a pagoda created out of big and small rocks.
Wolchulsan is a habitat for a total of 693 plant species such as the Camellia and the Japanese evergreen oak. There are also a total of 821 animal species in the park, including 19 mammal species, 79 bird species, 14 amphibian and reptile species, 31 fish species, and 678 insect species.