Korea National Parks

Flagship Species

  • Pinus densiflora   (Pine)
  • - English Name : Japanese Red Pine
  • - Habitat :

    Japanese red pine trees usually grow in temperate climate and areas with an altitude of below 1,300 meters.

  • - Shape Characteristics :

    This evergreen needle-leaved tree has two leaves at the tip of the branch and bears egg-shaped cones that ripe in September. Brown flowers bloom from each tree. The oval-shaped male flowers are 1cm long and hang under a new branch, while the verticillate female flowers are about 6mm long and two or three of them grow together at the tip of a new branch.

  • - Special Characteristics :

    They take up the largest portion of the plant species in Gyeongju National Park, are gradually becoming extinct because of pine wilt disease, which is also called the “AIDS of pine trees”.

  • Aix galericulata   (Mandarin Duck)
  • : Natural Monument No. 327

  • - Habitat : Valleys with a deciduous forest, rivers, watercourses, and reservoirs.
  • - Shape Characteristics :

    These ducks have a flamboyant appearance. Male ducks have a white brow line and large, yellow and fan-shaped wing feathers with a red beak, while female ducks have a thin brow line with a black beak.

  • - Ecological Characteristics :

    They also breed in artificial nests, sit on trees, and live in groups in winter.

  • - Feed : Tree fruits, snails, small freshwater fish, etc…
  • - Special Characteristics :

    These rare resident ducks live near mountain streams all over Korea, particularly in Gumisan Mountain and Tohamsan Mountain in Gyeongju National Park all around the seasons. They’re designated as a natural monument, and there is a need to increase their number as well as habitats.