Korea National Parks

Flagship Species

  • Abies koreana   
  • - English Name : Korean Fir
  • : Indigenous Plant of Korea

  • - Habitat : Hallasan Mountain, Jirisan Mountain, Deogyusan Mountain, etc…
  • - Shape Characteristics :

    Tall coniferous evergreen tree. It’s hard to distinguish from Korean spruce trees, but fir trees have leaves that are slightly concaved at the tip. They’re called black fir, red fir, and blue fir according to the color of the fruits they bear. The back of their leaves is white.

  • - Ecological Characteristics :

    Long yellow flowers bloom before the leaves in April. In Jirisan National Park, Korean firs are found not at the top of the mountains but at the foot of the mountains. They live in cold temperate regions, so some predict that they will gradually become extinct if global warming persists. It’s popularly used as a Christmas tree in Western Europe.

  • Moroco kumgangensis   
  • - English Name : Kumgang Fat Minnow
  • - Habitat :

    The uppermost part of Hangang River and gorges of Muju Gucheon-dong near Geumgang River. Cold water streams with high-density oxygen in mountainous regions.

  • - Shape Characteristics :

    It has a body length of 7~8cm with black dots at the beginning of the dorsal fin. Two gold lines appear on either side of the male fish during the spawning period.

  • - Ecological Characteristics :

    They live in cold water streams with high-density oxygen deep in the mountains. They only live in rivers that flow to the Yellow Sea, such as Hangang River, Imjingang River, and Daedonggang River.

  • - Feed : Small insects, crustacean, and zooplankton living in the water.
  • - Special Characteristics :

    It’s also called ‘Geumgang Mochi’ because it was first found in Geumgansan Mountain.